“Immigrants Can Be Deadly”: Critical Discourse Analysis of Racialization of Immigrant Health in the Canadian Press and Public Health Policies

Sylvia Reitmanova, Diana L Gustafson, Rukhsana Ahmed

Abstract


By examining the role of the Canadian press in framing health and social issues of immigrants, the authors highlight the issues of power and social injustice in which immigrant health is constructed and handled by Canada’s health policies. Critical discourse analysis of 273 articles from 10 major Canadian dailies over one decade showed that pre-existing racializing discourses, which treat the immigrant body both as a disease breeder and an irresponsible health fraudster, continue to materialize in contemporary Canadian press coverage. A more balanced and fair media coverage of immigrant health will require deracialization of immigrant health issues as well as the transformation of the Canadian press toward greater inclusivity.

Les auteurs examinent la manière dont la presse canadienne représente les immigrants en ce qui a trait à la santé et des questions sociales connexes. Ce faisant, ils soulignent les enjeux de pouvoir et d’injustice sociale relatifs aux politiques canadiennes et la manière dont celles-ci encadrent et gèrent la santé des immigrants. Une analyse de discours critique de 273 articles parus sur une décennie dans dix quotidiens canadiens majeurs montre que des discours raciaux continuent de paraître dans la presse canadienne contemporaine. Pour atteindre une couverture plus juste et équilibrée de la santé des immigrants, il faudrait déracialiser les questions de santé des immigrants et transformer la presse canadienne afin qu’elle devienne plus inclusive.


Keywords


Discourse analysis; Mass media effects; Policy; Immigrants; Health

Full Text: PDF HTML


DOI: https://doi.org/10.22230/cjc.2015v40n3a2831

License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/ca/
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