Towards a Cybervictimology: Cyberbullying, Routine Activities Theory, and the Anti-Sociality of Social Media

Michael Arntfield

Abstract


Existing research on cyberbullying has consistently overlooked the role of victims in online offending, as well as victim behaviour as both a facilitator and predictor of digital predation. This article offers an interdisciplinary critique of existing research and proposes a new framework of cybervictimology—traditional victimology in the context of cyberactivities. The framework points to cyberbullying as being best explained by Cohen and Felson’s (1979) routine activities theory of crime. Because one of the main criteria of “traditional” corporeal bullying is repetition, the routine activities of victims in social media environments are key facilitators in the bullying process; they serve as advanced indicators of victimization in a space where anti-social behaviour is comparatively tolerated—and even celebrated—in the absence of suitable guardianship. 

La récherche actuelle sur cyberintimidation a souvent négligé le role des victimes en cas de les crimes engagé en linge, et aussi les compartements de victimes comme faciliateurs et prédicteurs de predation numérique. Cet essai offre une critique interdisciplinaires de la récherche et propose un noveau cadre de cybervictimologie—le victimologie tradionnel en cas de les activités en ligne. Le cadre proposé indique que cyberintimidation est mieux expliqué par le ‘routine activities theory’ proposé par Cohen et Felson (1979). Parce que l’un des principaux critères de cyberintimidation traditionnel est repetition, les activities discret des victimes dans les environments des médias sociaux sont les principaux facilitateurs de cyberintimidation dans les environments en ligne où le compartement déviant est souvent toléré et encore célèbre en l’absence de la tutelle apprpriée.


Keywords


Cyberbullying; Victimology; Routine activities theory; Law/legislation; Conversation analysis

Full Text: PDF HTML


DOI: https://doi.org/10.22230/cjc.2015v40n3a2863

License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/ca/
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