https://cjc-online.ca/index.php/journal/issue/feed Canadian Journal of Communication 2021-11-30T05:19:05-08:00 Chris Russill, Editor editor@cjc-online.ca Open Journal Systems A journal of research and scholarship encompassing the field of communication studies giving emphasis to Canadian work and Canadian issues. https://cjc-online.ca/index.php/journal/article/view/4245 Special Section: Alt-Rights in Canada 2021-10-12T07:34:42-07:00 Ganaele Langlois arspcjc@gmail.com Greg Elmer arspcjc@gmail.com Natalie Coulter arspcjc@gmail.com Fenwick McKelvey arspcjc@gmail.com 2021-11-29T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Ganaele Langlois, Greg Elmer, Natalie Coulter, Fenwick McKelvey https://cjc-online.ca/index.php/journal/article/view/3807 The Representation of Syrian Refugees in Canadian Online Media: A Focus on the Topos of Burdening 2021-03-18T10:34:26-07:00 Manar Mustafa manar355@hotmail.com Zahariah Pilus zahariahp@iium.edu.my Maskanah Mohammad Lotfie maskanah@iium.edu.my <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; break-before: avoid; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Background: </strong>This study focuses on the representation of Syrian refugees in Canadian online news media. It examines 375 articles selected from three of the most visited Canadian news sites, namely the <em style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important;">Toronto Star</em>, which favours the Liberal Party, and the <em style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important;">Toronto Sun </em>and <em style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important;">National Post</em>, which favour the Conservative Party.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Analysis: </strong>The basis of this research is a topoi analysis, whereby instances of the topos of burdening are identified, examined, and categorized as either positive or negative.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Conclusion and implications: </strong>A distinction is drawn between the depiction of Syrian refugees in conservative- and liberal-leaning news sources. The findings aim to provide some insight into the possible impact of media representation on both the Syrian refugees and the Canadian public.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; break-before: avoid; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Contexte: </strong>Cette étude porte sur la représentation des réfugiés syriens dans les médias d’information canadiens en ligne. Elle examine 375 articles choisis à partir de trois des sites de nouvelles canadiens les plus visités, à savoir le <em style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important;">Toronto Star</em>, partisan du Parti libéral, le <em style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important;">Toronto Sun</em> et le <em style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important;">National Post</em>, partisans du Parti conservateur.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Analyse: </strong>Cette recherche se fonde sur l’analyse de topoï pour identifier, examiner et catégoriser des topos sur les fardeaux comme étant positif ou négatifs.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Conclusion et implications: </strong>Cette étude établit une distinction entre la manière dont les sources de nouvelles à tendance conservatrice dépeignent les réfugiés syriens et la manière dont les sources à tendance libérale le font. L’objectif est de mieux comprendre l’impact possible des représentations médiatiques sur les réfugiés syriens ainsi que sur le public canadien.</p> 2021-11-30T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Manar Mustafa, Zahariah Pilus, Maskanah Mohammad Lotfie https://cjc-online.ca/index.php/journal/article/view/4019 Fuelling the Subsidized Public 2021-01-13T12:47:44-08:00 Robert Neubauer bobjneubauer@gmail.com Nicholas Graham njgraham2@gmail.com <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; break-before: avoid; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Background:</strong> This article explores the Facebook communications of Canadian oil and gas advocacy organizations, including industry-funded and nominally independent groups. </p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Analysis: </strong>These groups are analyzed as producers of “subsidized publics,” with elites providing supporters with resources that enable them to take political action on industry’s behalf. A social network analysis maps how they link supporters with information from diverse sources, constructing networked publics whose members can recirculate pro-industry talking points.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Conclusions and implications: </strong>These communications enact powerful forms of network-making power, programming an interconnected echo chamber that interfaces supporters with material from neoliberal extractivist discourse coalitions—networks of industry advocates that industry has itself helped cultivate over decades.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; break-before: avoid; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Contexte : </strong>Cet article explore les communications sur Facebook faites par des organismes soutenant l’industrie pétrolière au Canada, y compris des groupes financés par l’industrie elle-même et des groupes prétendument indépendants.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Analyse : </strong>L’article analyse ces groupes en tant qu’engendreurs de « publics subventionnés », où une élite accorde des ressources à des partisans de l’industrie afin qu’ils s’engagent politiquement pour le compte de celle-ci. Une analyse des réseaux sociaux montre comment ces partisans fournissent de l’information provenant de sources différentes à un public favorable à l’industrie pétrolière, créant ainsi des réseaux dont les membres peuvent à leur tour rediffuser des éléments de langage appuyant l’industrie.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Conclusions and implications: </strong>Les communications de ces partisans sont puissantes dans leur capacité à former des réseaux, encourageant des échanges en vase clos qui exposent les participants à des informations provenant de coalitions d’extractivistes néolibéraux. Quant à ces derniers, c’est l’industrie elle-même qui a cultivé leurs opinions pendant des décennies.</p> <p> </p> 2021-11-30T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Bob Neubauer, Nicholas Graham https://cjc-online.ca/index.php/journal/article/view/3845 Fire and Climate: Connecting the Dots in British Columbia News Media 2021-05-11T10:08:27-07:00 Heather Earle hearle@sfu.ca Shane Gunster sgunster@sfu.ca <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; break-before: avoid; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Background: </strong>Extreme weather events are intensifying with climate change, offering opportunities to raise the public urgency of this issue. The media’s role in communicating this connection is crucial. </p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Analysis:</strong> This article analyzes media coverage of wildfires over a nine-year period in British Columbia focusing on how they are linked to climate change, in particular, during the 2017 and 2018 record-breaking fire seasons. </p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Conclusion and implications: </strong>In media coverage in British Columbia, there is a marked absence of a link between climate change and wildfires and a tendency for connections to be tokenistic, decontextualized, and normalizing. More provocative narratives developed by various public figures that locate wildfires within broader narratives of climate crisis offer more compelling accounts.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; break-before: avoid; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Contexte : </strong>À cause du changement climatique, les événements climatiques extrêmes sont en train de devenir plus intenses. Dans les circonstances, il devient pertinent de soulever l’urgence publique de cet enjeu, et les médias pourraient jouer un rôle crucial pour le communiquer.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Analyse : </strong>Cet article analyse la couverture médiatique de feux de forêt sur une période de neuf ans en Colombie-Britannique, particulièrement durant les saisons des feux de 2017 et 2018 qui ont battu tous les records. L’article met l’accent sur comment ces incendies sont reliés au changement climatique.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Conclusions et implications : </strong>Dans la couverture médiatique en Colombie-Britannique, on néglige de montrer les liens qui existent entre le changement climatique et les feux de forêt. Toute connexion établie tend à être superficielle, décontextualisée et normalisée. En revanche, diverses personnalités publiques ont incorporé les feux de forêt dans des narrations englobant l’idée de crise climatique, offrant ainsi une perspective plus intéressante, voire provocatrice.</p> 2021-11-30T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Heather Earle, Shane Gunster https://cjc-online.ca/index.php/journal/article/view/3779 Petro-Nostalgia and the Politics of Yellow Vests Canada 2020-10-16T14:13:06-07:00 Doug Tewksbury dtewksbury@niagara.edu <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; break-before: avoid; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Background:</strong> This article presents a critical discourse analysis of the conservative political organization Yellow Vests Canada and its 100,000-plus member Facebook group (now deplatformed) to theorize far-right groups that harness pro-fossil-fuel/anti-environmental discourses to ideologically cultivate a broader assemblage of traditionally ultra-conservative political positions.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Analysis:</strong> Yellow Vests Canada commonly utilized “petro-nostalgic” discourses, highly ideological beliefs that tie fossil fuels to a mythological nostalgia for an era of unbridled extraction and consumption, but also to this era’s hegemonic white supremacy, heteronormativity, masculinity, and settler-colonial nationalism.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Conclusions and implications:</strong> Understanding far-right petro-political groups is imperative for environmental humanities researchers. The recent growth of these groups presents an alarming threat to progressive and equitable sociocultural politics, but especially to more environmentally sustainable government policies and a post-fossil-fuel future.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; break-before: avoid; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Contexte :</strong> Cet article présente une analyse critique du discours portant sur l’organisme politique conservateur les Gilets jaunes du Canada et les plus de 100 000 membres de son groupe Facebook (lequel a été retiré du site). L’objectif de cette approche est de théoriser les groupes d’extrême droite qui appuient des discours pro-pétrole et anti-environnement dont le but idéologique serait de cultiver un assortiment plus vaste de positions politiques traditionnellement ultra-conservatrices. </p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Analyse :</strong> Les Gilets jaunes du Canada employaient communément des discours « pétro-nostalgiques » qui reflétaient des croyances hautement idéologiques consistant à associer les combustibles fossiles à une nostalgie mythifiée pour une époque d’extraction et de consommation déchaînée, ainsi qu’à, de nos jours, un suprémacisme blanc hégémonique, l’hétéronormativité, la masculinité et un nationalisme favorisant la colonie de peuplement. </p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Conclusion et implications : </strong>Il est impératif pour les chercheurs en environnement de comprendre les groupes pétro-politiques d’extrême droite. La croissance récente de ces groupes représente une menace alarmante pour une politique socioculturelle qui soit progressive et équitable et surtout pour des politiques gouvernementales axées sur la durabilité environnementale et sur un avenir au-delà des combustibles fossiles.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Mots clés :</strong> Combustibles fossiles; Pétro-nostalgique; Alt-right; Médias sociaux; Études culturelles</p> 2021-11-30T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Doug Tewksbury https://cjc-online.ca/index.php/journal/article/view/4261 Harassment as Occupational Hazard 2021-11-03T11:09:26-07:00 Chris Russill editor@cjc-online.ca 2021-11-29T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Chris Russill https://cjc-online.ca/index.php/journal/article/view/4227 In Memoriam: David Brian Mitchell 2021-09-11T09:25:51-07:00 Edna F. Einsiedel einsiede@ucalgary.ca Maria Bakardjieva bakardji@ucalgary.ca 2021-11-29T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Edna F. Einsiedel, Maria Bakardjieva https://cjc-online.ca/index.php/journal/article/view/3937 The Rebel Yell: On YouTube's Burlesque Traditionalists and Their Alt-Right Audiences 2021-03-26T09:52:59-07:00 Marc Tuters arspcjc@gmail.com Anthony G. Burton arspcjc@gmail.com <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; break-before: avoid; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Background: </strong>This article examines how the rhetorical style of the “alt-right” builds a political audience through a study of the Rebel, a Canadian YouTube news channel.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Analysis</strong>: This study analyzes the rhetoric of two hosts on the Rebel, Lauren Southern and Gavin McInnes, and finds their style marked by the use of the vernacular slang associated with subcultural communities of the alt-right.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Conclusion and implications:</strong> The unique rhetorical style on display points to micro-celebrity culture and techniques as a key to the proliferation of the alt-right.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; break-before: avoid; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Contexte : </strong>En étudiant la chaîne canadienne the Rebel, cet article examine comment la rhétorique de la « droite alternative » construit une audience politique.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Analyse : </strong>Nous analysons la rhétorique de deux hôtes, Lauren Southern et Gavin McInnes, et trouve que leur style est marquée par l’utilisation de l’argot vernaculaire associé aux communautés du « alt-right ».</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Conclusions et implications : </strong>Leur style exposé comment la culture et les techniques des micro-célébrités influence la prolifération de l’alt-right.</p> 2021-11-29T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Marc Tuters, Anthony G. Burton https://cjc-online.ca/index.php/journal/article/view/3929 Enemy Imaginaries: A Case Study of the Far Right in Canada 2020-11-25T13:51:10-08:00 Stephen J. Neville arspcjc@gmail.com Ganaele Langlois arspcjc@gmail.com <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; break-before: avoid; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Background: </strong>Social media and digital technology play a central role in amplifying the potential harms of the far right. </p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Analysis: </strong>The concept of <em style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important;">enemy imaginaries </em>is developed to map the digital and social media practices of far-right actors and groups in their antagonistic participation with and against a liberal, multicultural, globalist imagined community. Analysis focuses on a dramatic clash at a People’s Party of Canada event in Hamilton, Ontario, during the 2019 federal election. </p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Conclusion and implications: </strong>Disparate far-right groups can momentarily crystallize around a particular event to define new nationalist objects that are symbolic of their networked and mediated fight against an imagined enemy.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; break-before: avoid; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Contexte : </strong>Les réseaux sociaux et les technologies numériques sont des sources d’amplification des risques posés par l’extrême droite. </p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Analyse : </strong>Nous développons le concept d’<em style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important;">imaginaires ennemis </em>pour identifier les pratiques en ligne et en réseau social des acteurs et groupes d’extrême droite, en particulier leur engagement antagoniste envers une communauté imaginaire libérale, multiculturelle et mondialisée. Nous concentrons notre analyse sur un affrontement dramatique lors d’une rencontre organisée par le Parti populaire du Canada à Hamilton, Ontario, lors de l’élection fédérale de 2019. </p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Conclusion et implications : </strong>Les mouvements disparates d’extrême droite peuvent s’agglomérer momentanément autour d’un événement particulier pour définir de nouveaux objets nationalistes qui symbolisent leur lutte dans les réseaux sociaux et les médias contre un ennemi imaginé.</p> 2021-11-30T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Stephen J. Neville, Ganaele Langlois https://cjc-online.ca/index.php/journal/article/view/3935 Political Crowdfunding and Campaigning on GoFundMe 2020-11-25T14:09:04-08:00 Greg Elmer gelmer@ryerson.ca Sabrina Ward-Kimola swardkimola@ryerson.ca <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; break-before: avoid; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Background: </strong>What does the Canadian use of GoFundMe tell us about the role of non-party campaigners in contemporary election campaigning?<em style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important;"> </em></p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Analysis: </strong>Within the context of the 2019 Canadian federal election, this article examines how GoFundMe has been used as a platform for fundraising by fringe and populist political voices online. </p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Conclusion and implications: </strong>The crowdfunding platform GoFundMe has been leveraged to meet political goals both within and outside of traditional, party-centred, political fundraising setups. The mobilization of GoFundMe’s crowdfunding tools in the 2019 federal election presented an opportune space for the financialization of political goals reflecting right-wing populist ideas.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; break-before: avoid; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Contexte : </strong>Que nous dit l’utilisation de GoFundMe sur le rôle de campagnistes sans affiliation à un parti lors de campagnes électorales contemporaines au Canada?</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Analyse :</strong> Cet article examine comment des voix politiques marginales et populistes ont utilisé GoFundMe comme plateforme pour effectuer des levées de fonds pendant l’élection fédérale canadienne de 2019.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Conclusion et implications : </strong>La plateforme de sociofinancement GoFundMe a été exploitée pour atteindre des objectifs politiques dans le cadre de processus traditionnels de levées de fonds centrées sur les partis et au-delà de ce cadre. Les outils de sociofinancement fournis par GoFundMe pendant la campagne fédérale de 2019 ont créé un espace propice au financement d’objectifs politiques reflétant des idées populistes de droite.</p> 2021-11-30T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Greg Elmer, Sabrina Ward-Kimola https://cjc-online.ca/index.php/journal/article/view/4055 Telegramming Hate: Far-Right Themes on the Dark Social Media 2021-02-19T14:42:43-08:00 Ahmed Al-Rawi ahmed.k.alrawi@gmail.com <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; break-before: avoid; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Background: </strong>This study empirically examines the multimodal discourses of far-right groups on mobile apps. Many fringe groups find Telegram a convenient platform to spread hate speech without the need to censor their content or fear being blocked from the platform. </p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Analysis: </strong>This study collected all the posts from 15 far-right Telegram channels. The data was analyzed using a mixed-method approach, including an examination of profile images, hashtags, mentions, and emojis that have been weaponized to assist in hate dissemination. </p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Conclusion and implications: </strong>The findings show that one major theme on Telegram revolves around white peoples’ perceived grievances and discussions on conservatism followed by the minorities as the problem.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; break-before: avoid; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Contexte :</strong> Contexte Cette étude examine empiriquement les discours multimodaux des groupes d’extrême droite sur les applications mobiles. De nombreux groupes marginaux trouvent Telegram une plate-forme pratique pour diffuser leurs messages haineux sans avoir besoin de censurer leur contenu ou de penser qu’ils pourraient être bloqués sur la plate-forme.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Analyse :</strong> J’ai collecté tous les messages de 15 chaînes Telegram d’extrême droite. Pour analyser les données, j’ai utilisé une approche de méthode mixte comprenant un examen des images de profil, des hashtags, des mentions et des emojis qui ont tous été militarisés pour aider à la diffusion de la haine.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Conclusion et implications</strong> <strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">:</strong> Les résultats montrent qu’un thème majeur tourne autour des griefs perçus des Blancs et des discussions sur le conservatisme suivi par les minorités comme problème.</p> 2021-11-29T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Ahmed Al-Rawi https://cjc-online.ca/index.php/journal/article/view/4049 Tweeting #Removekebab: A Critical Study of the Far Right's Islamophobic Hate Hashtag on Twitter 2021-03-26T10:18:20-07:00 Tanner Mirrlees arspcjc@gmail.com <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; break-before: avoid; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Background:</strong> To contribute to research on the transnational far right, Islamophobia, and social media platforms, this article interrogates the far right’s practice<em style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important;"> </em>of using Twitter to produce and circulate a #removekebab hashtag.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Analysis:</strong> The accounts behind the words and images of 100 #removekebab tweets are analyzed to show how they communicate the transnational far right’s hateful Islamophobic discourse.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Conclusion and implications:</strong> The far right’s #removekebab tweets dehumanize Muslims, tacitly call for genocide against Muslims, and rationalize this violence by stereotyping Muslims as a collective threat to the West.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; break-before: avoid; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Contexte : </strong>Afin de contribuer à la recherche sur l’extrême droite transnationale, l’islamophobie et les plateformes de médias sociaux, l’auteur interroge la pratique de l’extrême droite consistant à utiliser Twitter pour produire et faire circuler le hashtag removekebab.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Analyse :</strong> L’auteur analyse les comptes, les mots et les images de 100 tweets #removekebab et montre comment ils communiquent le discours islamophobe haineux de l’extrême droite transnationale.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; margin-bottom: 1.5rem; margin-top: 0px; orphans: 3; widows: 3; color: #000000; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; background: transparent !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; font-weight: bolder;">Conclusion et implications</strong> : L’auteur constate que les tweets #removekebab de l’extrême droite déshumanisent les musulmans, appellent tacitement au génocide des musulmans et rationalisent cette violence en stéréotypant les musulmans comme une menace collective pour l’Occident.</p> 2021-11-30T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Tanner Mirrlees