Peculiarities of Realization of Discourse Connections (based on Nominal French substituts)

Angela Cosciug
philology, Alecu Russo Balti State University
May, 2005
 

Abstract

The thesis investigates the connections of discourse units through French nominal substitutes.
The problem of discourse connections is studied from typological, structural and categorial perspectives which emphasizes the following discourse units: the formally independent sentence which is semantically dependent on other discourse elements, the super-sentence, the semantic-syntactic block, the retort and the sequence. There are formal and semantic concatenations between these units.
The formal concatenations condition cohesion which depends on iteration, junction, agglutination, syntactic parallelism and formal valence.
The semantic concatenations of discourse units condition coherence. The coherent parameters are the following: recurrence (that is the substitution and the paraphrase), ellipsis, aspect, time, semantic parallelism, thematic or denotative continuity and interaction of semantic and functional categories.
Substitution relies on the substituted chain and the substitute. The substituted chain is defined as a discourse segment which is replaced by a different discourse segment.
The substitute is the discourse element which replaces a different discourse element and synthesizes, generalizes, clarifies, qualifies, intensifies, diminishes or enriches its categorical values.
Researchers are very interested in studying nominal substitutes, because the noun is one of the central parts of speech in all the languages.
Simple and compound nouns, nominal phrases, nominal complex and compound sentences can be nominal substitutes in French.
Nominal substitutes fulfil the segmentary and super-segmentary representations which condition a coherent discourse.
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